Stagehand Norman Miller created the character "Porto Rico" for Amateur Night in the 1930s. "Porto Rico" was charged with chasing unsuccessful contestants from the Apollo stage with a hook once audiences had given a vocal "thumbs down" through a loud chorus of "boos." This role would later be held by Bob Collins and Howard "Sandman" Sims. In the 1980s, Cooper christened C.P. Lacey, who currently performs the role, with the name "the Executioner."